Clonidine Hydrochloride

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General Information

Clonidine Hydrochloride is used for the treatment of high blood pressure. This is used along with another medication for hypertension. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Kidney problems

This medication relaxes the blood vessels so that blood can easily flow.

How does Clonidine Hydrochloride work?

Clonidine Hydrochloride stimulates alpha-adrenoceptors in the brain stem. This action results in a reduced sympathetic outflow from the central nervous system. This also decreases in:

  • Renal vascular resistance
  • Peripheral resistance
  • Heart rate
  • Blood pressure

This drug allows your heart to beat more slowly and easily. This lowers blood pressure by lessening the levels of certain chemicals in your blood.

Why use Clonidine Hydrochloride?

Clonidine Hydrochloride is a centrally acting alpha-2 adrenergic agonist. This is supplied as an extended-release tablet with its brand name Jenloga. This product is available in the strengths of 0.1 mg and 0.2 mg for oral use. Each 0.1 mg and 0.2 mg is equivalent to 0.087 mg and 0.174 mg respectively of the free base. Clonidine Hydrochloride is an odorless, bitter, and white crystalline substance soluble in water and alcohol. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.

How to use Clonidine Hydrochloride?

This prescription is to be taken by mouth usually twice a day. It is taken in the morning and at bedtime. If the doses are not equal, take the larger dose at bedtime to lessen the risk of side effects.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. Take each dose with a full glass of water. Do not take more than the prescription. It is important that you take it exactly as it is prescribed. Remember to take it at the same time each day.

What are the side effects Clonidine Hydrochloride?

  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Trouble sleeping or insomnia

If these side effects persist or get worse, call for medical help or your doctor right away.

Warnings and Precautions

  • Before you take this medication, tell your doctor if you have heart disease or severe coronary artery disease.
  • You should not take this if you are allergic to it. You may not also take this drug if you have kidney disease.
  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first.
  • Older adults may be more sensitive to the effects of this medicine.
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages while using this drug.
  • Keep this far from the reach of children.