Nifedipine is indicated to prevent certain types of chest pain called angina. Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. This medication allows you to exercise more and lessen the frequency of angina attacks. To be effective, this must be taken regularly.
How does Nifedipine work?
When there is less resistance in the arteries, the heart does not work as hard to pump blood around the body. Nifedipine relaxes and widens the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart muscle itself. This allows Nifedipine to prevent the painful angina attacks that can happen. It is when the heart does not get enough oxygen for the work it is doing.
Why use Nifedipine?
Nifedipine is in the class of calcium-channel blockers. This relaxes the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. By increasing the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart it controls chest pain. Nifedipine is formulated as a soft gelatin capsule for oral use. Each capsule contains 10 mg of Nifedipine. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.
How to use Nifedipine?
The recommended dosage for Nifedipine is based on your condition, age, and response. You must follow the instructions given by your doctor. Do not take this medicine for longer than recommended or in larger or smaller amounts.
Nifedipine is usually taken 3 times a day. You may take each capsule with or without a meal. Take it by mouth as directed by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole with a full glass of water. Do not break or chew the capsule. Don’t forget to take the drug at the same time each day.
What are the side effects of Nifedipine?
- Joint pain
- Swelling ankles or feet
- Leg cramps
- Tired feeling
- Stomach pain
- Rash or itching
- Sleep problems or insomnia
- Urinating more than usual
Warnings and Precautions
- While taking Nifedipine, avoid drinking grapefruit juice or eating grapefruit. It can increase the number of certain medications in your bloodstream.
- You should not use this if you are allergic to it. Let your doctor know if you have any allergies.
- To make sure you can safely take Nifedipine, tell your doctor if you have liver disease, diabetes, or kidney disease.
- If you are pregnant or breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first.
- Keep this drug at room temperature away from heat or moisture.