Clomiphene Citrate

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Where is Clomiphene Citrate used?

Clomiphene Citrate is used to induce ovulation or is called egg production in women. It is for those who do not produce ova (eggs) but wish to become pregnant or infertile. This medication may also be used to treat fibrocystic breasts, male infertility, persistent breast milk production, and menstrual abnormalities. Talk to your doctor about the possible risks of using this medication for your condition.

Clomiphene Citrate is a nonsteroidal and ovulatory stimulant. It is a white to pale yellow, crystalline powder, and essentially odorless. Each tablet contains 50 mg of Clomiphene Citrate. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this treatment.

How does Clomiphene Citrate work?

Clomiphene Citrate activates the brain’s pituitary gland. It is to conceal an increased amount of LH (luteinizing hormone) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This action stimulates the development of the ovarian follicle and therefore starts ovulation. Through a normal menstrual cycle, only one egg is ovulated. The use of Clomiphene Citrate frequently causes the ovaries to create two or three eggs per cycle.

How is Clomiphene Citrate taken?

Clomiphene Citrate comes as a tablet to be taken by mouth. This medication is usually taken once a day for 5 days. It may be at the beginning or about day 5 of the cycle. Take it at the same time each day or exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed.

The recommended dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do not take it for a longer time or more often than prescribed by your doctor. Long-term treatment with this medicine is not recommended and must not be more than 6 cycles.

You might be directed to record your body temperature, do ovulation assessments, and accurately time sexual intercourse for best results. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

What are the possible side effects of Clomiphene Citrate?

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Flushing
  • Vomiting
  • Abnormal vagina/uterine bleeding
  • Blurred vision or other visual disturbances
  • Breast tenderness or discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Seizures

If these side effects persist or get worse, call your doctor or medical help right away.

What are the precautions in taking Clomiphene Citrate?

  • Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to it or if you have any allergies.
  • Let your doctor know if you have any medical history or current medications including vitamins, herbal products, or food supplements.
  • You should know that this may cause blurred vision. Do not drive or do anything especially in poor lighting until you know how this medication affects you.
  • Do not share this with others who have the same condition as yours.
  • The use of this drug may result in multiple births. Consult your doctor for more details.
  • Stop taking this medicine if you get pregnant and call your doctor right away.
  • Consult your doctor first before taking a dose of this medicine while breastfeeding.
  • Keep this medication out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture.