Potassium Iodide

What condition does Potassium Iodide treat?

Potassium Iodide is used:

  • Treat certain overactive thyroid
  • To loosen and break up mucus in the airways
  • To protect the thyroid in a radiation exposure emergency
  • Along with anti-thyroid medicine to prepare the thyroid gland for surgical removal

Potassium Iodide is a mineral required by the body. This is involved in the production of the thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine. These hormones play an essential role in the regulation of metabolism. Potassium Iodide also has a vital part in mental and physical development. This is available as a tablet for oral use. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this prescription.

How does Potassium Iodide work?

Some forms of this medicine help your thyroid gland work right. Most people get the iodine they need from foods like fish or iodized salt. The thyroid may ‘store’ or hold only a certain amount of iodine.

In a radiation exposure emergency, radioactive iodine may be released into the air. It may be breathed or swallowed and may enter the thyroid gland and harm it. The damage will probably not show itself for several years. Potassium Iodide will block or lessen the chance that radioactive iodine will be in your thyroid gland.

In breaking up mucus and loosening it, Potassium Iodide helps you cough up the mucus. If you have long-term lung problems, this will let you breathe more easily.

What is the recommended dosage for Potassium Iodide?

This product is to be taken by mouth with a full glass of water. Potassium Iodide is usually taken once a day or as directed. Drink plenty of fluids while using this medication. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking each dose.

The dosage is based on your condition, age, weight, and response. Don’t forget to take the medicine at the same time every day. You should not take Potassium Iodide more than it is prescribed.

What are the side effects of Potassium Iodide?

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach ache
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Swelling of the salivary glands

Allergic reactions may occur such as:

  • Swelling of the lips, face, tongue, or throat
  • Fever with joint pain
  • Hives
  • Shortness of breath
  • Trouble speaking, swallowing or breathing

What are the precautions in taking Potassium Iodide?

  • Caution is recommended when this medication is given to newborn babies younger than 1-month-old. Treatment for more than 1 day must be avoided because repeated dosing increases the risk of blocking thyroid function which might affect the brain development of a newborn. If treatment is needed for longer than 1 day, discuss the risks and benefits with the doctor. Treated babies should be given thyroid function tests.
  • If you are a pregnant or breastfeeding woman, consult your doctor first. His may not be recommended for them to use.
  • Inform your doctor if you have current medications or medical history.
  • This prescription may have an inactive ingredient that causes an allergic reaction. Tell your doctor if you have any allergies.
  • Keep this far from the reach of children or pets.